Sanatsujatha Parva of Udyoga Parva Chapter 43 – Slokas 32 – 37

Sanatsujatha Paramarshi said, “The fourth type of tyāga is the nonoccurence of ill-temper if an unpleasant incident has taken place. The fifth type of tyāga is not to encourage and supplicate the desirous thoughts and matter of woman and children.

 

The sixth type of tyāga is to be charitable and supplicate towards the matters of a worthy one. Benediction is brought about through such acts. A man becomes aware and in control of his senses through the qualities of renunciation. There are eight qualities of apramad as spoken about – satyadhyāna, speaking about Advaitha and the Higher truths, samādhāna – reconciliation and satisfaction, vairagya – dispassion, not indulging in thievery, brahmacharya and aparigraha – renunciation.

 

The eight qualities of both tyāga and apramad need to be understood. The aforementioned eighteen flaws of mada have to be firmly forsaken. There are eight faults in pramad and they have to be forsaken as well.

 

Bharata! The desire, feeling and understanding to experience from the myriad subjects of the five sensory organs and the sixth being the mind are causes for pramad – lack of discrimination, foolishness, carelessness, delirium and hallucinations and brooding over the past and hoping for the future are the two flaws. A man who is free from these eight flaws is happy.

 

King of Kings! You become the satyaswaroopa. The entire universe is consecrated in satyaDama, tyāga and apramad and other qualities help one attain the satyaswaroopa Paramātmā and Ambrosia is consecrated in satya only.

 

[Sanatsujatha Parva – Chapters 43 of Udyoga Parva – Slokas 32 – 37]

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